What is Endoscopy?
An endoscopy is a medical treatment that allows doctors to view within the body. An endoscope is used to inspect the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body during an endoscopic treatment. Endoscopes are placed directly into the organ, unlike many other medical imaging procedures.
Endoscopes come in a variety of shapes and sizes. An endoscopy may be conducted by a doctor or a surgeon, depending on the location in the body and the treatment. During the procedure, the patient may be fully aware or anaesthetized. The term endoscopy is most commonly used to describe an examination of the upper gastrointestinal system, also known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
Types of Endoscopy
The most common types of endoscopy are listed below.
Anoscopy- It can be done through the anoscope. The area viewed through this endoscopy is the anus and/or rectum. Endoscope is Inserted through the anus.
Arthroscopy- It can be done through the .Arthroscope. The area viewed through this endoscopy is the Joints. Endoscope is Inserted through the Inserted through a small incision over the joint.
Bronchoscopy- It can be done through the bronchoscope. The area viewed through this endoscopy is the Trachea, or windpipe, and the lungs. Endoscope is Inserted through the Inserted through the mouth. It is also called throat endoscopy.
Colonoscopy- It can be done through the Colonoscope. The area viewed through this endoscopy is the Entire length of the colon and large intestine. Endoscope is Inserted through the anus.
Endoscopy can be used to explore digestive complaints such as nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, swallowing difficulties, and gastrointestinal haemorrhage. It’s also used to make diagnoses, most typically by taking a biopsy to screen for disorders like anaemia, bleeding, inflammation, and intestinal malignancies. Treatments such as cauterization of a bleeding vessel, expanding a narrow oesophagus, clipping off a polyp, and removing a foreign object are all possible with this surgery.
Many patients with Barrett’s oesophagus are undergoing too many endoscopies, according to specialised professional organisations that specialise in digestive disorders. Patients with Barrett’s oesophagus who have no cancer signs after two biopsies should get biopsies as needed and no more frequently than the suggested rate, according to such societies.